In Canada, last names often have a French influence due to the country's colonial past. Many Canadian last names are derived from habitation names, which are named after the first owner of the land. These names are often taken from the place name where the person lived or held land. For example, "Beauchamp" is derived from a French word meaning "beautiful field."
Other common Canadian last names are occupational surnames, which were given to people who worked in a particular trade. For example, "Smith" is an occupational name for a blacksmith or someone who works with metal.
Some Canadian last names are also derived from personal characteristics, such as "Lapointe," which means "pointed," or "Gagnon," which means "loud."
Finally, there are also many Canadian last names that have Aboriginal origins. These names often come from the language of the First Nations people and can be difficult to pronounce for non-Aboriginal people.
Here is a list of last names used in Canada.